Top Programming Languages in 2019: An Overview

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We have outlined here some of the top programming languages in 2019, widely used for mobile and web app development. Take a look.

When it comes to mobile or web app development, developers get plenty of languages to choose from and build the right apps matching needs and expectations of businesses.

Some new languages are introduced and gained a huge acceptance among developers for offering certain great benefits. Many old languages, on the contrary, are overshadowed and losing its charm among developers.

So, it’s quite necessary for businesses to stay updated with the top programming languages in 2019, especially if they are planning to develop a new app or revamp the existing one.

Top Programming Languages in 2019


JavaScript is the most popular language, when it comes to mobile app development. It is one of the most used programming languages for front-end development. Since JavaScript is a front-end programming language, it’s majorly used for creating those of interactive front-end apps.

Here’s a complete usage stats of JavaScript.

javascript usage


  • Fast (Client-Side JavaScript)
  • Easy-to-learn and implement
  • Good interoperability with other languages
  • Minimize demand of web server
  • Nice interface
  • Extended functionality
  • Versatile


Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is another widely used markup language, which is widely leveraged to develop web apps and pages. It has an ability to describe a complete structure of web page semantically. HTML embeds those programs coded in JavaScript or other scripting languages.

According to survey, HTML witnessed its 86.3% use by all websites.

usage of HTML for website


  • Widespread usage
  • Easier to learn
  • Supported by almost every browser
  • Light weight
  • Free-to-use
  • Wide range of aesthetical and structural elements.


Though presence of multiple languages, Structured Query Language (SQL) maintained its presence successfully among the top programming languages in 2019. It is recognized as a domain-specific language, used mainly in designing and coding to manage data, which is held for relational database management systems.


  • Defined standards
  • Coding is not required
  • Interactive
  • Portability
  • Multiple data views


Python has gained a huge acceptance as a future-proof programming language among developers. It’s popular for being easier-to-use, fast and easy-to-deploy, and considered to be a right choice for developing a scalable and powerful web solutions. Some popular projects developed using Python are Pinterest, YouTube, etc.

python usage



Appeared first 21 years ago (in 1998), Java is the most sought-after programming language. It comes as the first choice for developing large-scale or enterprise based projects.

Not to mention, it’s used to develop Android based mobile applications. So, with the growing needs of Android app development, Java witnessed its increasing demand of late.



  • Easy-to-learn
  • Object-oriented
  • Independent platform
  • Secure
  • Multi-threaded
  • Rich APIs


Scripted by Brian Fox, Bash is a well-known command and Unix Shell language. It’s basically a command processor that functions in a text window, where users just need to give the command for any action. It can also easily read and execute command in a proper way from a file, which is popularly termed as a shell script.


  • Simple
  • Efficient
  • Versatile
  • Domain-specific for coding and automating shell
  • Let you focus on some bigger system issues

You may also read: Hybrid VS Native App Development: How to Pick The Right Ones?


C# is a multi-paradigm programming language. It is developed by Microsoft and introduced for a common language infrastructure. C# is a simple, advanced, easy-to-use and a general purpose language. This is the most perfect language for creating software components, which are appropriate for deployment.

According to a recent survey, C# secured 5th position among top 10 programming languages.

top languages


  • Object-oriented
  • Easy-to-develop
  • Cross-platform compatibility
  • Perfect integration
  • Well programming support
  • Backward compatibility


Despite getting a tough competition from Node.js (server-side environment) and Python, PHP still maintains its craze and demand in the market. PHP has been maintained its position as one of the most popular programming languages for many years.

Laravel and Drupal are other reasons of fast growing popularity of PHP. These are the most popular frameworks for PHP, which mobile apps company uses to create robust, quick and scalable applications.


  • Easy-to-use
  • Cross-platform
  • Easy and simple database connection
  • Open-source


C++ is in fact backbone of programming. It’s the most efficient, reliable, flexible and of course a demanded language. It is mainly used for coding file systems, operating systems, etc. A system level programmer should be highly proficient in this language. Some popular projects created with C++ are Google Chrome, Microsoft Windows, Amazon’s website, etc.


  • Middle-level and portable language
  • Structured and object-oriented
  • Case-sensitive and rich-function library
  • Powerful, efficient, quick and general-purpose language


TypeScript is another open-source programming language that started to rise in popularity since 2013. It is the only language that can be used for a variety of purposes, be it front-end development, back-end development, machine learning app development, hybrid app development, etc. With these potentials, TypeScript is gaining a huge popularity among developers.


  • Code scalability
  • Tooling and community
  • Dependency injection
  • Controller-based APIs
  • Testability

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