Some new languages are introduced recently that have gained huge acceptance among developers for offering great benefits. Many old languages, on the contrary, are overshadowed and are losing their charm among developers.
So, businesses must stay updated with the top programming languages in 2019, especially if they are planning to develop a new app or revamp their existing ones.
According to a survey, HTML5 witnessed its 90.9% use by all websites.
- Widespread usage
- Easier to learn
- Supported by almost every browser
- Wide range of aesthetical and structural elements.
Though the presence of multiple languages, Structured Query Language (SQL) maintained its presence successfully among the top programming languages in 2019. It is recognized as a domain-specific language, used mainly in designing and coding to manage data, which is held for relational database management systems.
- Defined standards
- Coding is not required
- Multiple data views
Python has gained huge acceptance as a future-proof programming language among developers. It’s popular for being easier-to-use, fast and easy-to-deploy, and considered to be the right choice for developing scalable and powerful web solutions. Some popular projects developed using Python are Pinterest and YouTube.
- Include third-party modules
- Extensive support libraries
- Easy to learn
- User-friendly data structure
- Higher productivity
Appeared first in 1998, Java is the most sought-after programming language. It comes as the first choice for developing large-scale or enterprise-based projects.
Not to mention, it’s used to develop custom Android-based mobile applications. So, with the growing needs of Android App Development, Java witnessed its increasing demand of late.
- Independent platform
- Rich APIs
Scripted by Brian Fox, Bash is a well-known command and Unix Shell language. It’s a command processor that functions in a text window, where users just need to give the command for any action. It can also easily read and execute commands from a file, which is popularly termed as a shell script.
- Domain-specific for coding and automating shell
- Let you focus on some bigger system issues
Also read: Hybrid vs Native App Development: How to Pick The Right One?
C# is a multi-paradigm programming language. It is developed by Microsoft and introduced for a common language infrastructure. C# is a simple, advanced, easy-to-use and general-purpose language. This is the most perfect language for creating software components, which are appropriate for deployment.
According to a recent survey, C# secured 5th position among the top 10 programming languages.
- Cross-platform compatibility
- Perfect integration
- Well programming support
- Backward compatibility
Despite getting a tough competition from Node.js (server-side environment) and Python, PHP still maintains its craze and demand in the market. PHP has been maintaining its position as one of the most popular programming languages for many years.
WordPress, Laravel. and Drupal are other reasons for the fast-growing popularity of PHP. The development language offers a good number of popular frameworks, which development companies use to create robust, quick, and scalable solutions.
- Easy and simple database connection
Released in 2014, Swift, launched by Apple, is a new programming language for iOS app development. Swift is fast, easy to learn and highly secure, and hence tantalized the sense of iOS app developers extensively.
With Swift, developers can get rid of complexities involved in iOS app development and create native iOS apps hassle-free. Launching this new programming language helps Apple in giving stiff competition to Android apps.
- Automatic memory management
- Error check
- Easy to integrate new features
- Interoperable with Objective-C
Programmed in the early 80s, Objective-C is an old language for iOS app development. Though Swift is highly advanced and a popular language for iOS app development. It has nothing to do with the use of Objective-C for iOS application development.
Many iOS developers even today prefer to leverage Objective-C for mobile app development. It is pronounced as an object-oriented programming language as well.
Developed and introduced by JetBrains, Kotlin emerged as the second most popular option for native Android app development after Java. In 2017, Google made Kotlin as an official language for Android app development.
Kotlin sorts out major setbacks of Java and made Android app development less time-consuming. It has great compliance with Java libraries and frameworks and delivers the same level of performance as Java. It made Kotlin a top choice among Android developers.
C++ is one of the most efficient, reliable, and flexible programing language. It is mainly used for coding file systems, operating systems, etc. A system-level programmer should be highly proficient in this language. Some popular projects created with C++ are Google Chrome, Microsoft Windows, and Amazons’ website.
- Middle-level and portable language
- Structured and object-oriented
- Case-sensitive and rich-function library
- A powerful, efficient, quick, and general-purpose language
TypeScript is another open-source programming language that started to rise in popularity since 2013. It is the only language that can be used for a variety of purposes, be it front-end development, back-end development, machine learning apps, hybrid app development, etc. With these potentials, TypeScript is gaining huge popularity among developers.
- Code scalability
- Tooling and community
- Dependency injection
- Controller-based APIs
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